In this article, we will look more closely at Egypt, which has been covered by the news extensively due to the arab spring and the following aftermath. It is a fascinating country with a long history: Already around 3200 B.C. a unified kingdom was created. After the leadership of a series of dynasties, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Bzantines, Arabs, Mamluks, Ottoman Turks and British ruled one after the other this country ("Egypt").
The country's "biggest modern-day problem [...] [is] the stark divide between the rich and poor, exacerbated by a housing crisis and rampant privatisation of land" (Elshamy). This is especially evident in Cairo, the capital of Egypt, which is "the biggest city in the Arab world and Africa" (AlJazeeraEnglish). Whereas people in "the twin towers of the shimmering Nile City complex" can live in excess, people in the shadows of these towers have to live in slums without "sewage, electricity or running water" (Elshamy).
Problematic is not only that the poor are forced to live somewhere else, but that the government reacts insufficiently to natural disasters (Abou el Magd). Have a look at the map and the article below:
- Abou el Magd, Nadia. "Egypt rockslide highlights rich and poor divide." The National 9 Sep 2008. Web. 6 Jan 2013.
- AlJazeeraEnglish. "Cairo's rich-poor divide - 4 Oct 09." Online video clip. YouTube. 4 Oct 2009. Web. 6 Jan 2013.
- “Egypt.” The World Factbook. 14 Dec 2012. Web. 6 Jan 2012
- Elshamy, Mosa'ab. 'In pictures: Cairo's rich-poor standoff.' Al Jazeera English 25 Sep 2012. Web. 6 Jan 2013.